Articles and Amendments – a brief list

—  We the People, of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, ensure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

The Constitution is the highest law in the United States.  All other laws come from the Constitution.  It says how the government works. It creates the Presidency.  It creates the Congress. It creates the Supreme Court.  Each state also has its own constitution, which establishes and organizes its government on the state level. 

Articles of the Constitution

—  Article I: Legislature

—  Article II: Executive

—  Article III: Judicial

—  Article IV : States’ Rights

—  Article  V: Process for Amending

—  Article VI: Supremacy of Constitution, oaths

—  Article VII: Ratification of Amendments

—  Currently 27 Amendments

—  New Amendments must be ratified by 3/4 of the states (2/3 of state legislatures may call for a Constitutional Convention, or 2/3 of both Houses may propose an amendment)

—  The first 10 Amendments are the “BILL of RIGHTS

—  1.  Speech, religion, assembly, press

—  2.  Bear arms

—  3.  Quartering of soldiers

—  4.  Unlawful search and seizure

—  5.  Habeas Corpus, due process

—  6.  Speedy trial, representation

—  7.  Trial by jury in federal court

—  8.  Cruel, unusual punishment

—  9.  All individual rights may not be listed

—  10.  Powers not specifically given to the Federal government are reserved to the states or individual

—  11. Clearly defines original jurisdiction of Supreme Court

—  12.  Electoral College for selecting President / Vice President

—  13.  Abolished slavery

—  14.  Established citizenship, representation, and loyalty

—  15.  Gave suffrage to all males of age, regardless of race

—  16.  Established Federal Income Tax system

—  17.  Established popular vote for Senators

—  18.  Prohibition

—  19.  Gave women right to vote

—  20.  Terms of office for Legislature, Presidential succession

—  21.  Ended Prohibition

—  22.  Terms limits for President

—  23.  Gave D.C. electoral votes

—  24.  Ended poll taxes

—  25.  Further clarifies Presidential succession

—  26.  Gave right to vote to all citizens 18 years of age, and older

—  27.  Legislators cannot give themselves pay raises in an election year